Magnesium is a crucial mineral for helping you cope with modern living and maintain great health

This essential mineral is involved with virtually every metabolic process that occurs in your body.

Magnesium Benefits Include

  • Your ability to produce energy
  • Cardiovascular health including blood pressure and risk of stroke, heart arrhythmias and heart attack.
  •  Your ability to keep your blood sugar stable
  •  Hormonal stability
  •  Sleep quality
  • Magnesium increases energy Healthy bowel function
  •  A healthy immune system
  • Maintaining a healthy musculoskeletal system
  •  Supporting a Healthy mood and anxiety symptoms

Magnesium helps your body cope with stress

Stress comes in many forms and affects your body in many ways.

Stress can come from emotional issues, financial problems and work related issues and pressure. Caffeine, alcohol and certain medications also deplete your body of magnesium by increasing the excretion through urine.

Other stresses which are not always thought of include environmental toxins, WIFI and screen exposure, processed food, poor sleep and nutritional deficiencies.

All of the above stresses deplete your body of magnesium which is exactly the mineral you need to help cope with the stress.

Magnesium Deficiency

There are many signs and symptoms of magnesium deficiency including

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Sleeping problems
  • Cramp
  • magnesium deficiency symptomsAnxiety
  • Depression
  • Constipation
  • Muscle twitches including a flickering eyelid
  • Blood sugar instability
  • Weight gain
  • Poor circulation

         Just to name a few!!

Magnesium being the fourth most abundant mineral in the body is involved in supporting health in many subtle and not so subtle ways.

Magnesium Foods

Foods High in magnesium include

Spinach, dark chocolate, avocado, almonds, pumpkin seeds, and black beans

chocolate contains magnesium

Unfortunately in New Zealand our soils are depleted from many minerals including magnesium which is why      farmers often use mineral blocks and other supplements to keep their stock healthy.


When you buy vegetables they are likely to be depleted in key nutrients because the soil in which they are grown is depleted.

Consequently the gap between what you need and what you are getting in food is becoming wider and wider. Especially when you consider the extra stresses modern living brings.

Magnesium Supplements

The ability for a magnesium supplement to absorb is usually down to the form of magnesium and what chelating agent it has been bound to.

Poorer absorbing forms of magnesium include

Magnesium carbonate and magnesium oxide. Their poor absorption makes them a poor choice if you want to improve cellular and organ levels of magnesium but can however be used as a laxative or even as a antacid

Magnesium Citrate malate and Magnesium bisglycinate are particularly good forms of magnesium.

Magnesium oil or gels can also be useful as the skin will absorb a certain amount of magnesium trans dermally. Applying the oil to areas where there is tension, muscle spasms and tenderness can be really helpful. Usually internal supplementation is also required.

Magnesium is a necessity for living in the 21st century and certainly helps build strength and resilience to the stress  modern life brings to our lives.Best Health DNA test


The Importance of Exercise for Health and Disease Prevention

Basics knowledge of health and fitness teaches us that exercise is any movement that helps your body to burn calories while also working on your muscles. There are countless exercises you can do (either at home or at the gym) to keep fit.

Exercises are physical activities that require you to do specific actions to achieve the desired benefit. Some exercises you can do includes swimming, jogging, running, walking, and even dancing

What Are The Benefits of Exercise?

The Importance of Exercise for Health


Only one in three adults gets the recommended amount of physical activity needed every week!”



Several studies have proven that exercises are beneficial to us and contribute overall wellbeing – physically and mentally. Here are some benefits of exercising regularly:

  Regular Exercises Uplift Your Mood

There is a connection between exercise and enhancing your mental health. In some cases, exercises are used to assist people with depression, anxiety, and stress. Exercise regulates parts of the brain that control anxiety and stress. The reason why you feel positive and happy after a workout is because exercises promote the production of endorphins, which reduces the perception of pain and enhance positive feelings.

It Helps With Weight Loss

weight loss and exerciseObesity and weight gain are mostly attributed to unhealthy eating lifestyle. It may interest you to know that inactivity is also a weighty cause of weight gain. A direct relationship has been identified between exercises and the rate at which the body expends energy. Science teaches us that our body expends energy through digestion, maintaining body functions like breathing, and through exercise.

If you decide to lose weight through dieting, what you are doing is that you are reducing your calorie intake which directly means your body has less work to do in terms of digestion hence lowering your metabolic rate. On the other hand, weight loss through exercise is achieved through increased metabolism, which burns more calories compared to going on a diet.

Exercise Helps With Bone and Muscle Development

Regular exercise helps to build your bones and enhance strong muscles. In addition to proper diet, specific exercises like weight lifting play a significant role in muscle building. As we grow and advance in age, our body tends to lose muscle mass, which results in wear and tear of the muscles. Another effect is getting injured easily. So, if you practice regular exercise, you have a high tendency of cutting down muscle loss and also maintaining body strength. It also helps you look younger and keeps osteoporosis away!

         Regular Exercise Helps Reduce The Risk of Chronic Diseases

Inactivity is a leading cause of chronic diseases like an accumulation of belly fat, diabetes, heart disease, and in a worst-case scenario can lead to sudden death. Over the years, regular exercises have been proven to significantly improve insulin sensitivity, reduce blood pressure, and blood fat levels. It also improves cardiovascular fitness hence keeping the heart in good working condition.

  Improves Skin Health

Regular exercise enhances healthy blood flow and also improve skill cell adaptation. What this means essentially is that it helps the body to produce antioxidants. Antioxidants are known to help protect body cells and slow down the rate of skin aging.

         Improved Memory and Enhanced Brain Health

Have you ever wondered why athletes often come out smart and intelligent? Exercises are known to stimulate certain brain functions that enhance your thinking skills and boost memory capabilities. During exercise, your heart pumps blood at a faster rate, which results in supplying the brain with adequate oxygen. Also, exercise promotes the production of hormones that enhance the growth of brain cells.    Regular exercise helps you sleep better

Exercising can be seen as a means of relaxation, and to clear brain fog, whilst improving cognitive function. Your body system recuperates and regains lost energy during sleep. It was reported in recent studies that 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise improves sleep quality by up to 65%. What this implies is that people with sleeping problems like insomnia can adopt regular exercise as a means of improving their condition.

Regular Exercise Helps You Look Better!

Health benefits of excercise


We could go on and on about the benefits of exercise and how they help prevent diseases, but these are the few we can take in this article. An overview of all we have mentioned so far is that regular exercise improves your health, blood circulation helps tone your muscles and build stronger bones.

What Diseases Can  Exercise Prevent?

Apart from the physical health benefits of exercises, doing exercise regularly also helps prevent diseases like cancer and osteoporosis. It also helps to prevent high blood pressure and bad LDL cholesterol levels. Exercising regularly keeps heart diseases away! Here are some diseases and health conditions you can help prevent and manage with regular exercise:

  •          Arthritis
  •          Falls
  •         Stroke
  •         Anxiety
  •         Cancer
  •         Depression and
  •         Diabetes

Why should You Exercise Every Day?

Health Benifits of Exercise Every Day?

If you need a reason to exercise every day, think of the countless benefits you can achieve from a few minutes of working out; whether light or rigorous. You can think of exercise as a time to unwind and de-stress. It enables you to explore your strengths and improve both physically and mentally. It helps you master the art of focus and endurance, which are key traits for every successful person.


Doing exercise also lets you enjoy outdoor activities that can boost your social confidence. It is also an opportunity to bond with family and friends. You can take dance classes or go hiking as a group. Joining a soccer team is also a good idea. These are all activities you will enjoy doing as a group.

What Exercise Should I Do, and How Do I Get Started?

Before you begin any exercise routine, you should have a goal. You need to know what you are working towards and how it is going to benefit you. Some people do exercise just to keep fit, some others do it to build their bodies, and others enrol in fitness programs as a therapy to help manage some health condition.

Before you get started here are some tips to help you on your journey.

  •         Plan your routine and start with short time duration
  •         Make sure your choice of exercise is something you enjoy doing
  •          Get people (friends and family) to join you – it spices things up and helps you bond (socially)
  •          Set goals you can achieve and don’t overwork yourself
  •          Don’t exercise when you are unwell or unfit
  •          Wear comfortable clothing for easy movement
  •         Increase your routine to comfortable time frames to avoid fatigue and injuries.
  •         Check in with your doctor if you have any health condition like diabetes, so you know what exercise or routine is right for you.

Regular exercise is your passport to a healthy lifestyle and also a cheap way of preventing diseases. Always ensure that you have a specialist trainer you can talk to in order not to get yourself into any unproductive routine. Bodyfit is your best choice of exercise guide. Always remember that physical inactivity is a major risk factor and can result in diseases. Keep your exercise within reasonable limits and have fun while at it.

Check more resources and prompt response to your inquiries on body fitness.

Shane Lyons fitness coach Auckland

Shane Lyons

Fitness Professional

CHEK Exercise Coach

Certified GTS Gravity Personal Trainer




A Gene Test Which Shows Which Food is the Best Food Choice for You

Food Choice is a gene test which tests your genetic predisposition to health issues associated with 5 common foods or drinks.

The gene test identifies whether or not you should avoid  or limit these foods in order to prevent a range of health conditions and to help promote health and wellness

The Genes tested have been grouped in the following categories


  • Coeliac Disease Risk          celiac disease
  • Lactose Intolerance
  • Alcohol Intolerance
  • Caffeine Sensitivity
  • Salt sensitivity


Coeliac Disease

Coeliac disease is an autoimmune disease caused by the reaction of your body to gluten.

Symptoms of coeliacs disease can be diarrhoea, bloating, pain, fatigue and weightloss.  However you can have celiac disease and not necessarily know you have it.

Celiac disease results in damage to the microvilli which are involved in nutrient absorption so people with coeliacs become extremely deficient in nutrients.


A positive genetic result doesn’t mean you have the disease but indicates a very high likelihood compared to the normal population. Reducing or cutting out gluten would be important and if you are experiencing any gastric symptoms then a Coeliac test would be essential.

gluten free



It is worth noting that if you are having a test specifically for Celiac disease then it is important to keep including gluten in your diet till you have the test.

Otherwise you may get a false negative result.

Lactose Intolerance

Lactose Intolerance can produce symptoms such as gut pain, swelling, flatulence, diarrhoea as well as other more obscure symptoms.

Lactase is the enzyme that breaks down Lactose which is present in milk and other dairy products. If Lactase activity is low then lactose intolerance results

It has been estimated that 65% of the world’s population is lactose intolerant with rates up to 100% in some Asian and African communities  and down to 4 % in some European countrieslactose intolerance symptoms

If a gene test comes back with High risk then avoiding dairy products especially those high in lactose is advised. Sometimes the use of a digestive enzyme containing lactase can be helpful as well.




Alcohol Sensitivity

Knowing how well your body processes alcohol is important as you all know it can have a detrimental affect on your health and disease risk..

If you have a genetic weakness around alcohol it means your body cant detoxify the toxins present in alcohol. You are also more likely to be affected by symptoms such as flushing after alcohol ,hangovers ,nausea,runny nose and sleeplessness.

More importantly it is the inability of your body to process the toxins that can have far reaching affects on your health.


Caffeine Sensitivity

Caffeine is present in many beverages including coffee which has become part of a daily routine for many.caffeine sensitivity

Some of you can seemingly tolerate coffee and caffeine better than others with symptoms of anxiety and an increase in blood pressure reasonably common in some of you. The genes tested in this panel

Are those associated with the risk of hypertension and,sleep loss and anxiety associated with caffeine

caffeine in coffee







Salt Sensitivity

Salt sensitivity is generally defined as an increase in blood pressure of at least 10% as a result of an increased salt intake.  Any increase in blood pressure is a risk factor for kidney diseases and also cardiovascular disease.


Food Choices genetic profile allows you to make better food choices around the most common foods and beverages you tend to consume on a regular basis.

Up until now this test was only available if you had already had a Health and Wellbeing profile or in conjunction food

Now this is being offered as a stand alone test as well.


How to repair telomeres

“Taking a multivitamin every day can help your body to age well, and is associated with longer telomere length. Healthy middle aged women who were daily users of multivitamins were found to have 5.1% longer telomeres. Shorter telomere length can be viewed as a biomarker of genomic damage and advanced cellular ageing.”

There has been a lot more publicity of late about the significance of aging, risk of cancer,chronic illness and telomere length

What are Telomeres?

As you will know the body is made up of cells and in each cell is a nucleus which contains all the genetic material.

Genes are composed of strands of DNA called chromosomes and on the ends of the chromosomes are telomeres. Telomeres protect the genetic material and make it possible for the cells to divide. You can imagine a telomere looking a little like the plastic tip on the end of a shoe lace. It protects the chromosome from fraying and damaging.

Telomeres shorten each time the cell divides and when the telomeres are too short the cell can’t divide and therefore dies Shortened Telomeres is a marker of disease risk, disease progression and premature mortality. The risk of illnesses such as Cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and even Dementia therefore are increased.

For a healthy long life with reduced risk of chronic illness you need long Telomeres

Stress and Telomeres

A stressful childhood and adverse life events that cause anxiety can influence Telomere Length as an adult

It is interesting to note that higher levels of Pessimism are also associated with shorter Telomeres as well as increased levels of inflammation and oxidative stress in the body.

Lifestyle factors that can reduce Telomere length include stress, cigarette smoking, obesity ,poor sleep and insufficient sleep.Factors that can increase telomeres include a healthy diet

A study showing how effective this can be was done on 30 men with biopsy diagnosed low risk prostate cancer They were asked to make lifestyle related techniques which included a low fat whole food diet, low in refined carbohydrates ,moderate exercise ( 30 minutes a day) stress management techniques such as meditation, yoga and supplements which included fish oil, vitamin C vitamin E and selenium and a protein powder. Telomerase activity increased by 29.84% in 3 months (Telomerase is an enzyme that repairs and lengthens Telomeres)

No doubt we will be hearing more in the future about Telomeres and health and premature aging.

Why do Telomeres Shorten

We hear so much that a healthy diet ,low stress, a balanced lifestyle, supplementation with good quality nutritionals, moderate regular exercise can have a huge impact on our wellness,disease risk and our longevity. These factors influence all aspects of our health from our immune system to our nervous system in fact every body system.  Now also  at the subtle genetic level and this interesting world of the Telomere.

The body in its wisdom does give us you ways to help influence and change your health for the positive at even these critical genetic levels.

Food Allergies, Intolerances and  Genetic Testing

What is the difference between food allergies and food intolerances?

Food SensitivityAn allergy is considered to be an inappropriate immune response to what would normally be a harmless food or environmental substance.

Allergy responses can be mild eg watery eyes in response to pollen or extreme which is what happens in anaphylaxis reactions. With anaphylaxis the response can be so extreme that urgent medical attention is required and epi pens need to be used, as it can be life threatening.


Allergy symptoms can be many and varied and can affect any organ in the body.

In many instances symptoms are caused by the release of histamine from immune cells in response to a perceived allergen. This is why many people take anti histamines to counter the side effects of some allergies.

There are two main antibody responses with allergies

  • IgE responses are quick responses and usually symptoms occur immediately or within an hour or two.  Responses can include sneezing, pain ,indigestion, reflux ,body aches and headaches
  • IgG immune responses are slower and can take up to 72 hours to show symptoms. This is why IgG allergy responses can be hard to pin point and often the symptoms are not recognised as allergy. Symptoms can be the same as for IgE reactions but occur so much later. Headaches can be common as can fatigue.


Food Intolerance and Food Sensitivity

Food AllergiesThese can occur because the digestive system isn’t processing food properly. It maybe because of an enzyme deficiency or an imbalance in flora. It can be caused by toxins in the system and stress in the body.

So the issue is more about the health and efficiency of the digestive tract rather than the foods themselves.

Food intolerances can escalate and often can lead to Microbiome hypersensitivity where the body reacts to more and more foods.

Intolerances can also be caused by bacteria and yeast imbalance in the large bowel and also in the small intestine.

In Small Bacterial Overgrowth ( SIBO)  bacteria can feed off certain foods causing symptoms such as pain, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation. Cutting out certain foods can temporarily resolve some of the symptoms but eventually the bacteria adjust and gut symptoms can return.

Testing for Food Allergies

There are Functional tests available that can test for IgE and IgG reactions to foods and environmental chemicals.

The benefit of these types of tests is that you can find the often illusive slow reacting IgG reactions as well as the fast acting reactive foods

Often IgG reactions respond well to eliminating the food out of the diet for a  few months and then reintroducing it in small amounts .Often these allergies occur because of eating too much of a certain food group and yet the body is often fine  after a break and with less of that food in the diet.

The main disadvantage with IgG and IgE testing is you have to have been consuming the food to be able to get an immune response. So if you have been purposely avoiding a food then it won’t show on this kind of test.

There is another form of allergy testing that looks at the white cell reaction to foods and doesn’t rely on you having to have eaten the suspected foods. Its not considered an allergy test and it doesn’t test for slow reacting allergens such as IgG .It is more focused around IgE reactions to substances .

This can be an option for those of you who don’t want to eat certain suspect foods before doing an allergy test

Gene Testing for Foods

AMY 1 gene profile tests your body’s ability to process starch from carbohydrate.  Knowing your AMY 1 gene variation can allow you to make better decisions around the amounts of carbohydrate and starch your body can process and the health implications associated with the different gene variants.

Food Choice genetic profile tests 5 crucial foods that impact on your health in so many ways.

Do you think you are susceptible to Coeliacs disease?

Lactose IntoleranceDo you suspect you are lactose intolerant?

The Food choice Genetic profile tests

  • Coeliacs disease risk
  •  Lactose Intolerance
  • Alcohol Intolerance
  • Caffeine Sensitivity
  • Salt sensitivity

The test shows levels of susceptibility and gives personalised information on how to manage your genetic predisposition to the likelihood of the genes expressing.

Health and Wellbeing Profile tests many genes associated with chronic disease risk but it also includes genes associated with diet and your tolerance to fats and protein.

Your genes tell you how much protein and fat is right for you for optimal weight and wellness.

Microbiome Testing

While testing the microbiome isn’t a food allergy test we now know the state of the gut is responsible for how your body responds to food and also environmental substances and so much more. Knowing levels of digestive enzymes, markers of inflammation and species of bacteria good and bad, yeasts etc helps you understand  your  response to food and also how your immune system is responding to the gut environmentmicrobiota

Most of the immune system of the body resides in the gut so having a healthy Gi Tract influences our health and longevity in many ways.

The microbiota can influence whether an immune system is strong, weak or over reactive.


We are all uniquely different and so fortunate to live in an age where  gene technology and functional medicine testing is available for us to improve our health and longevity.


Microbiome Health

The Gut microbiota is a community of trillions of micro organisms all of which play a key role in gut health but also our overall health and wellbeing.

gut healthThe vast array of organisms in this unique environment play a key role in:

Having a Healthy and Efficient Digestive System

– Microorganisms influence the absorption of nutrients, produce digestive enzymes, ensure healthy motility and protect the gut wall from infection and inflammation.

How your Immune System Works

– Whether you have a strong or weak immune system. Whether you are likely to develop an autoimmune condition and whether you have food or environmental  allergies. Therefore the health of the microbiome can influence whether you are susceptible to most chronic diseases from gut related illnesses such as Chrons disease and IBS to allergies including anaphylaxis, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and all forms of cancer.

Whether you can Detoxify Toxins  Efficiently

–The gut is a key detoxification organ and many species assist in the removal of toxins including chemicals and ensure a healthy recycling of hormones.

 Maintaining A Healthy Weight or Losing Weight

– Gut Health influences whether you are prone to putting on weight and many species of gut flora can aid weightloss.

Having a Healthy Mood

– You may have heard the term “the gut is the second brain”. A healthy balanced microbiota directly influences mood, clarity of thought and depression.


Gut Microbes

 Healthy Gut BiomeWhen it comes to a having a healthy gut biome its all about numbers of healthy bacteria and the balance of microbiome bacteria

The word dysbiosis is used to describe the imbalance of gut flora resulting in detrimental symptoms. This imbalance can be between the so called bad bacteria or pathogenic bacteria and the healthy bacteria but it can also mean a lack of diversity in the species present in the gut.

This imbalance can result in gut symptoms such as constipation, diarrhoea, pain, reflux, bloating and inflammation.

How You can Have a Healthy Gut Biome

Research has found that spending time outside in nature ,playing sport , being physically active and having pets all can have a positive influence on the health of our microbiome.

Microbiome Diet

A diet that includes a variety of healthy non processed foods which are full of fibre is ideal for supporting a healthy microbiome The more variety in the diet the more likelihood of having a diverse microbiome.

Highly processed foods and and a high sugar diet feed yeasts and pathogenic bacteria causing an imbalance of flora and can cause  a leaky gut . Leaky gut occurs when the gut wall is damaged and it allows the movement through the intestinal lining of small food particles and cell wall fragments of bacteria. This process can  put you at risk for  a range of health conditions including  all autoimmune illnesses  and inflammatory illness and also allergies.

Enjoying a range of raw and cooked organic plant based foods can be very beneficial to the gut as it not only provides all important fibre but also delivers prebiotics into the gut which are the food source for the beneficial bacteria.

Microbiome DietFermented foods can also be used to improve the diversity of our microflora.These include foods such as Kefir, kombucha and sauerkraut.

Other prebiotic foods include kiwifruit, beetroot, chickpeas, peaches ,green peas and cashew nuts.

It is worth noting that if some of the prebiotic foods cause symptoms of digestive discomfort, wind and bloating it may mean you have a condition called SIBO ( small intestinal bacterial overgrowth) and that is worth  investigating that further.

Probiotics for Gut Health

Regular use of a good probiotic can definitely enhance the health of the microbiome. Because a lot of the probiotic species are eliminated in the stool it is a good idea to regularly include them in your diet.

The key message though is you need a really good, researched and live probiotic.

Probiotic strains are many and varied and it is important to know what strains are beneficial and what may potentially throw the balance of the flora out more.

Some probiotic species are great for reducing inflammation, some balance the immune system and are great when there are allergies or autoimmunity. Some species are great for weight loss and some for improving overall immunity.

If you have a great probiotic you can increase the health of your gut and potentially your whole body.

There are many probiotics on the market and just because a bottle lists lots of different strains doesn’t mean it is good .It is most likely given the foreign environment of many species in a capsule or bottle they often kill each other off and you are actually getting no probiotic at all. Most shelf stable probiotics are not shelf stable and it is likely again you are getting no or very little flora when you buy these.

When it comes to buying probiotics and prebiotic supplements its always ideal to be advised by a practitioner on what is right for you rather than buying hit and miss supplements from health shops or online.

Microbiome Testing

Up until recently it has been very difficult to understand or know for sure what is happening with your own Microbiome.

Functional medicine has changed this and it is now easy to have extensive analyses of your gut bacteria, gut immunity, enzymes and much more.

Complete Microbiome Mapping and Comprehensive Digestive stool analysis tests are available from Laboratories in Australia and The USA.

You can do these tests from the comfort of your own home.

For more information on Microbiome Mapping click here 

or for a  Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis click here




It’s true your genes contain your unique blueprint for health and disease risk .However your genes are controlled by a powerful external influence called epigenetics.

This is why your genes are not necessarily your destiny and why you have more control than you realise as to whether your genes will express or not. It is also why knowing your genetic blueprint is so beneficial because it allows you to know what epigenetic influences to target.

What is Epigenetics?

Epigenetics is almost everything and almost everywhere. It’s how you and your genes respond to the environment you live in.What is Epigenetics?

Epigenetics includes

  • The food you eat
  • The stress in your life
  • The chemicals you are exposed to
  •  The quality of your sleep
  •  If you exercise and the type of exercise
  •  Where you live
  •  The people you surround yourself with
  •  The use of medications and drugs
  •  The use of supplements

Epigenetics controls whether your genes express or stay switched off.

With some genes you want to up regulate the gene expression while other genes you want to down regulate the expression. For example there are some genes that cause inflammation while others control inflammation.

In this situation you would ideally want to switch on the genes that control inflammation and switch off the genes that cause inflammation.

Everything you do and everything around you will send messages to your genes influencing the behaviour of those genes.

This means there is the potential to make your genes work for you by controlling as many epigenetic influences as possible.

I eat a good diet and exercise so I should be O.K. shouldn’t I?

It would be easy to think that if you ate a healthy diet, reduced stress and did some exercise then your genes should be reasonably happy. That is right only to a point .It is obviously beneficial to eat well, exercise and de stress but what is the right food and exercise for you. Our genes are all different and so what is right for someone else may not be right for you.Epigenetics

  •  For some of you eating a high protein diet with limited carbohydrates works really well while for others it  can cause pain, inflammation and result in injuring more easily especially when exercising. For some a high carbohydrate diet works well but for others it causes weight gain, diabetes risk and inflammation.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals and sprays can cause huge health risks in some people and more vigilance is required to avoid exposures. Some people have the ability to clear toxins more effectively.
  • Some people need to be sure their vitamin b12 status is good because they have  problems absorbing B12 .A low b12 causes all sorts of health issues including poor memory, musculoskeletal problems as well as cardiovascular problems. For others b12 is never a problem.
  •  Twenty minutes sun exposure a day is ample for ensuring vitamin D levels in some people but for others that would make no difference at all and they would remain low in this extremely important vitamin.


There are so many variables from person to person and gene to gene.

Another common misconception is:

epigenetics diet ‘My granddad smoked a packet a day and drank whiskey everyday and lived till he was 90 years old. I must have good genes“

There are a number of things going on here. Firstly your mum or dad received half their genes from your granddad and you received half your genes from your parent. You don’t know what half of what half you received.

There are also different epigenetic influences at play.

In your grandparent or even parents day there was much less processed food.

  •        There were less sprays and chemicals used in the food and sprayed in the environment
  •        Cities were less busy and there was less pollution
  •        Sea food was less contaminated.
  •        Farming used less sprays
  •        Work hour expectation was less, in many professions the working week was 5 days instead of 6 or 7.
  •        Very little EMF (electromagnetic radiation) exposure.gene expression

Obviously there are many variables here but the bottom line is that some people were just lucky and got away with abusing their bodies. They probably did have good genes as well but at the best you may only having a sprinkling of those genes. You also have a lot of unfavourable environmental challenges   your parents and grandparents didn’t have to deal with.

Genetics and Epigenetics go hand in hand when it comes to health and longevity.

Knowing your genetics allows you to use the powerful environment of epigenetics for the best health outcomes for you and your family.


What is the Difference Between Starch and Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are foods that are made up of sugars.They can be simple sugars or complex sugars.

Simple sugars are absorbed quickly into the bloodstream but complex sugars are broken down much more slowly.

Examples of simple sugars includeAmy1 gene

  • Fructose
  • Fruit juice
  • Sucrose
  • Glucose
  • Raw sugar and brown sugar
  • Honey                                                                                                            

Examples of complex sugar foods include

  • Whole grains
  • Beans
  • Vegetables
  • Corn
  • Oats
  • Rice
  • Pasta

It is accepted that the complex carbohydrates (sugar) foods are much better for health as they are less likely to spike blood sugars than the simple sugar foods and can provide a more sustained source of energy. They also contain fibre which is important for gut health.

What is Starch?

Starch is a carbohydrate which breaks down into glucose when digested.

High Starch foods includeThe difference between starch and carbohydrates

  • Potatoes
  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • Wheat

Not all carbohydrates contain starch but all starchy foods are carbohydrates.

Is There a Problem With Starch?

Many people have problems digesting starch and it can result in weight gain, bloating and general digestive problems. Many people also report stiffness and inflammation in their joints and muscles after consuming starchy foods.

Not everyone has problems with starch but more and more people are suffering symptoms associated with starch.

The enzyme AMY1 is responsible for the breakdown and processing of starch in carbohydrates.

Many people have a decreased ability to do so due to changes in the AMY1 gene and therefore are at a greater risk for insulin resistance, diabetes, obesity and digestive issues.

Some Foods Naturally Increase Your Digestion of Starch

low starch diet

There are foods that can naturally increase your secretion of amylase. Incorporating these foods into your diet is important if you have issues processing starch. eg lemons and limes. There are also ways you can cook and prepare starchy foods to lower their starch impact on your body

Eg the resistant starch in potatoes is increased when they are cooked then cooled before they are eaten.

Exercise also has a positive impact on amylase secretion.

What is Dietary Resistant Starch?

Resistant starches are starch foods that resist absorption. They therefore can be beneficial in providing important dietary fibre and making you feel satisfied. Because they aren’t absorbed in the small intestine they are a valuable addition to a low starch diet. An example of a resistant starch food is green bananas.

How Can You Find out Whether You Have an Issue Digesting and Processing Starch?

The best way to know for sure whether you have problems with starchy carbohydrate foods is to test the AMY1 gene which controls the enzyme amylase.

Because the impact of a Low copy number  ( or variation ) within the AMY1 gene can have so many  health implications  I would recommend the Fitgenes AMY1 gene test.  This test through Fitgenes is the only commercially available test available worldwide for this gene.



Genetic Testing for Disease Predisposition


Reducing your risk of chronic disease is something you don’t often think about until there is some kind of health event that affects you or someone close to you.

DNA Test to Determine Health Risks

dna testing for health risks


As the name suggests, chronic disease doesn’t happen overnight and is usually many years in the making.

This gives you the best opportunity to intervene at any time and reduce the risks of developing some of these debilitating illnesses and enjoy a long and healthy life.


Many people believe that developing a chronic disease such as Heart disease, Diabetes, Arthritis, Alzheimers or Cancers are inevitable in our society. You can be forgiven for thinking that as so many people seem to succumb to these kinds of illnesses.

Genetic testing as is tested in the Health and Wellbeing profile can clarify where you sit as far as risks factors are concerned for these diseases. More importantly it also tells you the kinds of foods, supplements, exercise and lifestyle choices which will help you to move away from the risk zone.

Family Genetic genetic disorders

There are some specific genes that put you at risk for certain genetic conditions which often are highlighted when a family member is diagnosed with a particular disorder.

Some of these genetic disorders are also considered chronic disease risks and include those diseases like Diabetes type 2 and Arthritis, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Cancer.

The Health and Wellbeing profile can highlight additional risk factors for developing these diseases.

Rare Genetic Disorders

There are other family genetic disorders which are rare in nature and include diseases such as Hemochromatosis, Haemophilia, Huntingdon’s Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Marfan Syndrome and many more. When these health conditions show in a family member it can be important to find out who else in the family could  also be affected.In that situation an individual gene test can be done to see if that particular gene mutation is present. You would need to visit your Medical Doctor to arrange to have that  individual gene tested.

If you want to reduce your risk of chronic disease and also reduce your risk of a getting an inherited disease that is shown to be in your family then the Health and Wellbeing Profile is a great test to do. It will  highlight ways you can create an environment in your body where you reduce the likelihood of those genes expressing unfavourably.

                                                                                                                   genetic mutations


 It is always important to remember

Your genes need not be your Destiny.




DNA Testing For Weight Loss

As with all genes we know they are not necessarily your destiny but knowing you have certain gene variants can help you make the best decision with diet and exercise

If I have  fat genes am I destined to become fat?


The FTO which is considered the Fat gene is tested in the Health and Well being profile.

Variations in this gene can influence hunger and how the body responds to food.


Hormones Affected by Fat Genes

Key hormones such as leptin,ghrelin and adiponectin are all influenced by the variations in the FTO gene resulting in not only a bigger appetite but also less satiety.

Adiponectin has been associated with blood sugar instability and increased belly fat. Some variants in this gene will increase likelihood of snacking at night and eating an excess of fatty foods.

Fatty foods will then stimulate ghrelin which will further stimulate hunger.

Leptin controls satiety so it makes it hard to control the appetite if you always feel hungry and not completely satisfied

The FTO variants can inhibit the UCP1 gene (also tested in the Health and Wellbeing profile) which can inhibit fat being converted to heat. This results in less fat burning

Protein ,Carbohydrates and Fat Ratios.

Certain variants in the FTO gene require different levels of protein carbohydrate and fat and it is useful knowing this especially if you are having trouble losing weight. While a higher protein diet and lower carb diet can work for many people it’s not ideal for everyone. If protein is too high and you  have certain FTO gene variants then inflammation will result which can actually inhibit fat burning.

Genetic Testing for Weight Loss.DNA Diet test nz

Key genes and their variants affecting fat metabolism, energy metabolism and fat burning  are tested in the Health and Wellbeing Profile.


They include

  • FTO-   associated with obesity, weight problems in childhood, over eating, and eating high fat foods.
  • ADRB2 and 3-associated with rebound weight gain, decreased tolerance to carbohydrates, difficulty losing weight, increased belly fat, risk of obesity.
  • UCP1 and UCP3- associated with decreased ability to convert fat to heat.
  • FAB2- decreased glucose tolerance, increased fat absorption, and difficulty losing weight.
  • PPARy- poor tolerance to fats, prone to rebound weight gain, difficulty losing weight.
  • PPARgCIA-risk of obesity and diabetes due to poor regulation of glucose , fats and energy balance in the body.
  • MC4R- risk of obesity and childhood obesity.
  • LEPR-1 and 2-regulates appetite and metabolism.


Having specific Fat genes can predispose you to putting on weight however if you know what genes you have then you can use that information to your advantage. It enables you put together a healthy diet and exercise regime targeting those genes and ensuring they express favourably.

      The bottom line is: You Can Be Slim and Healthy and Have Fat Genes.